While BuSpar uses are primarily focused on the treatment of anxiety symptoms, the medication can also be used "off-label" for treating other conditions. For example, using the drug to improve aggressive behavior and hyperactivity in children with autism is considered an off-label use.
Most people experience anxious feelings before an important event, such as an exam, business presentation, or first date. It is also common to experience anxiety in response to stressful and emotional events in life, such as the death of a loved one. Anxiety disorders, however, are illnesses that load people's lives with overwhelming anxiety and fear that are chronic and unremitting, and that can grow progressively worse.
Depending on the type of anxiety, a person can experience several possible anxiety symptoms, including:
- Feeling tense, fearful, or apprehensive
- Feeling shaky, jittery, or nervous
- Unexplained sweating or trembling
- Avoiding certain places or activities because of fear
- A pounding or racing heart or trouble catching your breath
- Fear of losing control, going crazy, or dying.
BuSpar is approved for the treatment of anxiety. However, it is not for the "everyday anxiety" associated with the usual stresses of life. Instead, it is intended to be used to treat anxiety disorders or to treat temporary symptoms associated with a particularly stressful event (such as emotional or physical trauma).
While BuSpar does not work as quickly as benzodiazepines (a group of medications commonly used to treat anxiety), its primary advantages over benzodiazepines include:
- Less drowsiness, confusion, and other similar side effects
- Much less risk of addiction and dependence.