People with panic disorder or epilepsy may benefit from the prescription medicine clonazepam (Klonopin®). The drug is approved for the treatment of various types of epileptic seizures and can be used to treat panic disorder in people with or without agoraphobia.
Clonazepam is part of a group of medicines called benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines have several effects on the body, including:
All medicines in this category can have these effects to some degree, depending on the specific benzodiazepine that is being taken. They work in the brain by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a brain chemical that is naturally calming. GABA can slow down or stop certain nerve signals in the brain. This is why clonazepam and other benzodiazepines are known as mild tranquilizers, sedatives, or central nervous system depressants (CNS depressants).
(Click What Is Clonazepam Used For? to learn more about the specific effects of the medicine, to find out if clonazepam is suitable for children, and for information about possible off-label uses for the medication.)