Anxiety Home > Niravam

Niravam is a drug prescribed to treat anxiety disorder and panic disorder. As a type of benzodiazepine, this medicine works by helping to slow down certain nerve signals in the brain and spinal cord. It comes in the form of an orally disintegrating tablet and is taken three times a day. Potential side effects include headaches, drowsiness, and coordination problems.

What Is Niravam?

Niravam® (orally disintegrating alprazolam) is a prescription medication licensed to treat the following conditions:
Niravam comes in the form of an orally disintegrating tablet that dissolves on the tongue. Alprazolam, the active ingredient in Niravam, is also available in regular tablet form as Xanax® and Xanax XR®. Xanax and Xanax XR are available in brand-name and generic versions.
(Click Niravam Uses for more information on this topic, including possible off-label uses.)

Who Makes This Medication?

Niravam is made by Cima Labs, Inc., for Azur Pharma, Inc.

How Does Niravam Work?

Niravam belongs to a group of medications known as benzodiazepines. Like all benzodiazepines, Niravam binds to benzodiazepine receptors throughout the central nervous system (CNS). When binding to these receptors, Niravam enhances the action of a brain chemical called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
GABA is an inhibitory brain chemical, which means it slows down or blocks nerve signals in the brain. Niravam, and other benzodiazepines, help GABA to more effectively slow down nerve signals. This is why these drugs are known as mild tranquilizers, sedatives, or central nervous system depressants (CNS depressants).
Benzodiazepine receptors are located in many areas of the brain and spinal cord. Therefore, benzodiazepines produce a variety of effects in the body, including:
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Sleepiness
  • Stopping seizures
  • Decreased anxiety
  • Impaired short-term memory.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;
Last updated/reviewed:
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